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Caribbean Stud Poker

Caribbean Stud Poker

The online casino experience is now virtually indistinguishable from the brick and mortar casinos that popularised the activity in the first place. Except that casino play can now be accessed from anywhere and at any time.

Players everywhere are discovering Caribbean Stud Poker online, and this heralds a range of new table games. The leading software innovators like NetEnt have perfected the bonus and reward systems by streaming players into high roller, low roller and standard categories, facilitating specific aims within the Caribbean Stud Poker community, and giving players a new perspective on this rewarding game.

A Modern Online Variant

Caribbean Stud poker was developed as an exciting variant to the traditional poker game about forty years ago.  First offered on the big passenger ships cruising the Caribbean islands, the game became so popular that it entered the large casinos in Las Vegas less than a decade later.

Now, to be able to play Caribbean Stud Poker online is one of the benefits of development of so many new games in the gaming industry, and one of the largest industries worldwide. The casino online, as developed so effectively by producers like Net Entertainment has become just as exciting, and the number of games as comprehensive as those offered by any live casino.

How to Play Caribbean Stud Poker

In this NetEnt poker variant, the aim is simply to beat the dealer, not any of the other players. The bonus payout for winning the bet against the dealer is but one money winning option in this game.

Caribbean Stud poker, online, is played by up to seven players, one dealer and the standard 52 card pack. A special casino table is used that resembles the oval blackjack style table. The table layout contains of three distinctive betting spots for the player.

The first spot is for the ante, the second for the called bet, which is double the ante, and the third spot is there for the optional progressive jackpot bet. Regardless of the number of the players, everyone always effectively plays a one on one game against the dealer. Therefore, unlike other forms of poker, playing Caribbean Stud Poker online means not having to be concerned about the other players’ cards.

The Winning Options

Should a player beat the dealer, the ante is paid off at even money, but the bet wager is paid off at house odds.  To enter the hand comparative phase, the dealer’s hand must contain at least one ace or king. If the dealer’s hand qualifies, this hand is compared to the cards held by all the other players in standard poker fashion.

Should the dealer not qualify, the players in the round receive even money for their ante bet, and their bet wager is pushed. When comparing the hands, and should the dealer win, the player will lose both his ante and bet wager. Any player that has selected to place money on the progressive bet will find that the volume of the jackpot grows with the level of the side bets. Despite it being a NetEnt powered game, the jackpots vary from casino to casino, and this is something that can be investigated before playing.

Playing NetEnt’s Caribbean Stud Poker online is a fast and high action game which has several ways of winning, and within the Professional Series that NetEnt provides, several ways of being enjoyed too.

21Nova Casino

The 21Nova Casino Legacy

The 21 Nova Casino was previously known as 32Vegas Casino, and was started in 2006 by Crown Solution Gaming. In 2009, it was purchased by William Hill and subsequently renamed as 21Nova Casino. A legacy of legal disputes and payment problems haunt the casino as it fights for market share a competitive field.

21Nova Casino is powered by Playtech. One of the so-called ‘big three’ online casino software designers in the world, along with Real Time Gaming and Microgaming. The game library at 21Nova Casino is therefore not only extensive, but with top notch graphics, sound and general functionality guaranteed. Also, with the Playtech framework and backing, new and fresh game productions are continuously becoming available. Players are given the option of a Flash version or a full download game version. The downloadable version has better functionality and smoothness of operation as well as a greater selection of games, but the Flash version is much more convenient and accessible.

Playtech Software

Playtech casinos, and hence 21Nova Casino offer their clients the very latest in features and security. Players are given full access to statistical data, playing history, gaming history and charts. 21Nova Casino have spent a great deal of resources ensuring the security of their clients. Accredited accounting firms already oversee all aspects of the Playtech, and 21Nova Casino platform. 21Nova Casino servers thus use the maximum security systems available, 128 bit SSL encryption, to ensure player information is never compromised.

Games Available

There are effectively three groupings, namely table games, slots, and video poker. The table, or casino games category includes the classics like roulette, which is available in both American and European versions at 21Nova Casino. There are some 16 casino table games available, including multiple version of blackjack like Pontoon and Switch. With Playtech software, 21Nova Casino has a vast number of slot machines; from classic slots to video slots, and from monster progressive jackpots to Playtech’s Marvel-inspired slot games like Iron Man and the Incredible Hulk.

21Nova Casino is slightly limited in terms of deposit and withdrawal options. Offering just six deposit methods, 21Nova Casino has one of the smallest payment transfer lists of the online casino market. The deposit options available are Visa or MasterCard credit cards, NETeller, PayPal, Instadebit, Skrill and POLi. Similarly withdrawal options are restricted to Paper check, NETeller, PayPal, Instadebit, Skrill and POLi.

Customer Support

The 21 Nova Casino’s customer support team can be accessed on a 24/7 basis, by means of a toll-free phone number, fax number, email, and live chat. Live chat is usually a good sign of quality communication and a desire for good customer care.

21Nova Casino has some notable idiosyncrasies, despite an excellent website design and a satisfactory casino game selection. The welcome and deposit bonuses, however, are rigidly structured and high rollers receive no advantage. Also, the wagering requirements vary depending on the currency used, and this can be vexing.

Instrumental in creating the Playtech brand are the poker and bingo platforms, and 21Nova Casino should be appreciated for these games too. The best thing about 21Nova Casino the design of their gaming software with the future in mind.

Big Dollar Casino

Plenty of Games at Big Dollar Casino

Although it exclusively uses Saucify (BetOnSoft) software to power its online casino games, this does not mean that Big Dollar Casino has a limited selection of games on offer. Hosting the full range of BetOnSoft Slots, the site offers around 70 Video Slots and 15 Classic Slots options, in a range of themes that encompass everything from candy to extreme biking, some offering progressive jackpots. Popular titles include Samba Spins, Yeti Hunt and Road Trip.

Big Dollar Casino also scores on its Table games and Video Poker selections, with a diverse range available for both. Table games include several variants on the old standards: Roulette, Blackjack, Poker and Baccarat, as well as Craps. Most of the Video Poker options can be played in 1-hand, 10-hand and 50-hand variations as well.

Big Dollar Casino Information

Big Dollar Casino, acquired by the Ashanti Limited online gaming company in 2006, is licensed in the jurisdiction of Curacao eGaming. As with all online casinos, legal access to Big Dollar Casino is determined by the laws regulating online gambling in each individual jurisdiction. Players in South Africa and Poland, for example, are not allowed access, while Australia-based players can only play the Slots options.

Players need to check the legal requirements where they live before registering to play casino games online. Games are available in both instant-play and downloadable versions, although players wishing to access the mobile casino should do so on Adobe Flash-compatible devices if they’re looking for instant play. Many of the Table games can be played in both regular and elite versions, so there are variations to suit all budgets.

Language, Currency and Banking Information

Big Dollar Casino operates in English only, although players can bet in several currencies: Canadian and US dollars, British pounds sterling, Euros, Denmark kroner, Norwegian kroner and Swedish kronor. Players can make deposits via any one of 10 banking platforms: American Express, iDEAL, GiroPay, MasterCard, Neteller, Paysafe Card, Skrill, Ukash, Visa and Visa Debit. In addition to Neteller, Skrill, Visa and Visa Debit, withdrawals can also be made via Bank Wire Transfer or Cheque. Withdrawals are limited to US$2,000 per week.

Security, Fairness and Support

Players’ personal details and privacy are protected at Big Dollar Casino by 128-bit SSL encryption and a strict privacy policy, and the site displays certification that its games have been audited for fair play by independent assessors iTech Labs, as well as eCOGRA. Live Chat and phone support through a selection of country-specific numbers, and an email option that promises a response within 48 hours, are also offered.

Bonuses and Promotions

Like all online casinos, Big Dollar Casino offers regular promotional incentives to engender player loyalty. These include free betting money in sign-up packages, bonus competitions with instant wins, and free bet bonuses on specific events.

Players wishing to take advantage of these incentive offers can find them listed on the site’s Promotions page, but of course all incentive bonuses will have terms and conditions attached. Players need to be sure they understand these terms and conditions thoroughly before accepting any bonus offers.

French roulette

French Roulette Strategy Hints and Tips

Those who enjoy playing French roulette online will be pleased to know that there are many strategies that they can employ during play to increase their payouts, assuring the fact that they see more money more often whenever they visit the virtual table. Unlike many other casino games, this variation is not based purely on luck, and players’ skills and understanding of the game go a long way towards play being more successful.

Why Players Choose French Roulette

French roulette is a very popular online casino game that has an incredibly low house-edge, only 1.35%. The wheel that the game employs is a standard one, but there is only one zero for players to factor in. This is coloured green, and players may also bet on it if they wish to.

Additional Rules for French Roulette

The first of the two possible additional rules for playing French roulette is known as La Partage, the second En Prison. Players who have placed even money bets when a zero is spun will have half the value of these wagers returned the them with the La Partage rule; the En Prison rule has all the even money bets staying on the table for the next spin when a zero spins in.

Responsible players are well aware that the outcomes for French roulette, like any game of chance, are completely arbitrary, although subject to some level of skill, and never play with a bankroll larger than they can reasonably afford to lose. The most general tip for play is to keep wagers at lower stakes, in order to prolong the enjoyment of the game and avert the disaster a losing streak could wreak in the event of an overly inflated bet on an outcome. The placing of even money bets guarantees the lowest house edge, and there are many bonuses and promotions available online that can boost players’ bankrolls very significantly, too, and these should be a priority for players to investigate whenever they wish to play.

Bet Types for French Roulette

The betting options for French roulette are, understandably, written in French, and players will need to have an understanding of the terms in order to most effectively play. The manqué bet covers the numbers from one to 18; the passé those of 19 to 36. Rouge bets cover all the red numbers; noir bets all the black, and the premier douzaine, or first dozen, covers numbers one through 12.   The moyenne douzaine is the second group of twelve numbers, 13 to 24; the dernière the third, numbers 25 to 36.

There are many places at which people are able to enjoy playing French roulette online, but care must be taken that the online casinos selected comply with all the licensing and registration requirements for the country they are operating within. Casino and game reviews online will be able to help players ensure that they are keeping their sensitive personal and financial information out of harm’s way when playing this great game, and allow them to focus on beating the house, rather than stressing out about their information being made viewable to less than scrupulous users.

Blackjack online

Basic Strategy for Blackjack Online

The ideal blackjack online strategy needs to take every possible card combination into account, but this is almost impossible for the average player to remember, especially when he or she is in the middle of a game. A simpler form of this ideal strategy is recommended however, and, broken down into just a few stages, is far easier to remember and employ.

A basic strategy that covers most of the hands players will encounter is provided here, and players can put it to use to better their games until they are ready for more advanced tactics. Players are encouraged to test these and any of their own ideas in free versions of blackjack games in order to properly assess how positively they influence the outcome of the game. Free play can continue indefinitely, and players are not required to lay any money down before they are ready to take on a table.

How to Handle All Aces

The first rule that players should memorise is what to do with any aces they are dealt. They should always be treated as one point, except in the cases of being found alongside sevens, eights or nines, when they should equal 11. For example, an ace and a six should always be a seven, but an ace and an eight should be 19. The points total for blackjack online includes all the cards in the player’s hand, not just the first two he or she has been dealt, so the same rules will apply to a seven and a six; a five and two fours; and an ace, a four and an eight. These totals are always to be treated as 13.

When to Hit and When to Stand

During a game of Canadian blackjack online the player should always hit if his or her card total is between three and 11 points. In the case of the points total being between 12 and 16 the player should hit if the dealer’s visible card is six or lower, but otherwise stand. If the player’s total is anything from 17 to 20 then he or she should stand.

Exceptions to these rules include when a player has been dealt an ace and a seven, and the dealer’s hand is eight or higher, then he or she should stand.

When to Split Cards During Blackjack

Players are advised to split on all pairs except for fours; fives and tens when playing blackjack online. Should a player be dealt a pair of fours he or she should hit; should a player be holding a pair of fives then he or she should hit if the dealer holds a ten or an ace, or else double down. When holding a pair of tens, a player should always stand.

Players holding cards to the value of nine should double down if the dealer’s face-up card is seven or less during a game of blackjack online; if he or she is holding cards to the points total of ten and the dealer’s visible card is less than 10; and, if the points total is 11, the player should always double down.


Viking Age

Viking Age Online Slots

The Viking Age slots game from developers BetSoft takes as its theme the mighty pirate raiders and settlers of Northern Europe’s seas during the Dark Ages: the Vikings. Viking Age’s five reels and three rows spin against a sturdy wood-and-stone frame carved with runes and mythic Scandinavian animals, set in a woodland clearing.

The game features 30 bet lines, with coin denominations ranging from 2c to $1, and a maximum of five coins per bet line, making a maximum bet per spin of  $150. Alongside the reels, buxom plait-tossing Viking girl Amma roots for the player in a surprisingly plummy English accent, but she’s not above sarcastic remarks if the player is taking too long to make a choice, too.

An appropriately drum-heavy martial theme accompanies the action, and all the game’s icons also mirror the Viking obsession with wars for booty and conquest.

Viking Age Ordinary Symbols

Viking Age employs none of the standard poker low-value symbols; all its icons are relevant to the Viking theme. There are three low-value symbols; a Viking shield, a Rune stone and a long ship’s Dragon prow, and players need a match of at least 3 in succession on one bet line from the left-most reel to score a win.

The higher-value icons begin scoring prizes with matches of 2 or more. In ascending order of value, these symbols are a jewelled Crown, a Battle-axe, a Longship, red-haired Viking Erik and blond Viking Elgrim. The lowest win is 4 coins, for a match of 2 Crowns, and the highest possible win in normal play is paid for 5 Elgrims on one bet line: 300 coins. All the Viking Age symbols are rendered in rich, realistic detail.

At the end of every spin, each winning bet line in succession lights up, and any icons in the winning combination perform a vivid animation, so the game rewards players visually as well as financially for wins.

Three Bonus Features

The biggest draw-card in the Viking Age slots game’s favour is the three bonus features that can seriously enhance wins.

A special bonus icon triggers the Runestone Feature; a fallen Viking warrior’s Helmet, resting on his grave. 3 or more Helmets after a spin trigger the Runestone Feature, in which the play zooms in to focus on the frame, and the player must decide which rune Amma should pick. The player is rewarded with instant credit, free spins, or immediate access to the bonus round.

Amma also features on another bonus icon on the Viking Age reels, and 3 or more Amma icons will trigger the Multiplier Free Spins Feature. The frame reveals a series of multipliers on either side of the reels, all of which spin along with the reels on each of the ensuing free spins. If the left-hand and right-hand multipliers match on either end of a winning bet line at the end of the spin, the specified multiplier multiplies the win on that bet line.

The third bonus icon in Viking Age features two giant, humpbacked Vikings Arm-Wrestling. 3 or more Arm-Wrestling symbols triggers the bonus round, in which the player must choose which Viking will win the contest. If the player guesses correctly, they win even more credits. The biggest jackpot on offer in Viking Age is 1,500 coins.

Spring Carnival Aristocrat Slot

The New Spring Carnival Aristocrat Slot

The Spring Carnival Aristocrat Slot is one of those games that experienced players would have seen around for years and years. However, the Spring Carnival Aristocrat Slot has been brought into the modern era by making a few subtle changes to the game play features, to make it appealing to all new players. Whether you are a new or experienced player, you will no doubt know that there is a lot of competition out there in terms of how many online slot games are available.

Players are certainly spoilt for choice in terms of how many different varieties of games they can choose from. Because of this, Aristocrat has updated many of their older slot games to be suitable for the modern market.

Spring Carnival Aristocrat Slot Theme

The theme of the game is all based around the Spring Carnival horse race, and symbols that make up this slot are typical of horse racing type games. The Spring Carnival Aristocrat Slot symbols include the high playing card symbols, such as the 9, 10, Jack, Queen, King, and of course the Ace. Other symbols include the pink jockey, a bottle of champagne, and also the red winners rose. However, full details about all the symbols are available when you actually start playing the game. These informative resources will also indicate which winning combinations are the best, and which will result in the highest wins.

Players of the Spring Carnival Aristocrat Slot should also take note of all the betting requirements for the game. Pay attention to what all the betting values are, and also what the maximum bet is. If you have your eye on winning one of those big jackpot prizes, then you might need to consider going for the maximum bet every now and again. Of course it is completely up to you in terms of how you approach betting on the reels, and what playing strategy you make use of.

This particular Spring Carnival Aristocrat Slot offers 20 win lines to players. When betting on each spin, players should consider the number of win lines they would like to be active. This will of course affect the type of betting or playing strategy you make use of. The game does offer a number of different jackpot prizes, from the minor prize, right up to the major jackpot. Winning the major jackpot will undoubtedly put a smile on any player’s face.

Spring Carnival Aristocrat Slot Free Spins

To get access to free spins in the Spring Carnival Aristocrat Slot, players must attempt to land three of the moneybag scatter symbols. By doing this, players will be able to trigger the free spins, up to a total of 15 free games. In other ways, the game functions in much the same way as other traditional slots, so new and experienced players alike will not struggle to get to grips with how it all works. The game play interface also offers the typical buttons and features, and is really all a player needs to have a bit of fun. Players can try their luck by betting on the races with this slot game.

MoneyGaming Seven Great New Slots for Real Play

Seven New Slots for Real Play

MoneyGaming has released seven great new slots for real play that can be accessed in their online casinos. These include Sheer Magic and Grand Dragon by the Australian gaming developer Ainsworth, Sirens Charms released by Slots Symphony, Lil Lady by IGT, as well as Battleship, Monopoly – Dream Life, and Transformers: Battle for Cybertron.

Sheer Magic

The first of MoneyGaming seven great new slots for real play is Sheer Magic, a solid slots machine offering fifty pay lines and a standard 5 by 3 reel playing grid as well as bright and bold colours and free spins. The game has been released by Australian gaming developer Ainsworth.  Symbols in this game include the magician’s hat, a crystal ball, a bunch of flowers, and white gloves. The free spins round also includes a re-spin feature and allows players to hit stacked crystal ball wilds on the second, third, and fourth reels. The wilds can substitute for all other symbols, except for the scatter symbols. The scatter symbols will offer a one hundred time multiplier on the total bet, while landing three or more of these will trigger the free spins round.

Grand Dragon

Grand Dragon is another one of MoneyGaming seven great new slots for real play. This one features an Oriental theme, and includes various dragon symbols. The game offers players twenty five pay lines. The game also features a wild symbol, which may substitute for any of the other symbols, and a scatter symbol, which appears on the second, third, and fourth reels and triggers the bonus feature. In this feature, players will be rewarded with ten free spins.

Lil Lady

Another one of the MoneyGaming seven great new slots for real play is Lil Lady, a ladybug-themed slots game with cute graphics and country-garden background music. The game features free spins that can be re-triggered.

Siren Charms

Siren Charms is another one of the MoneyGaming seven great new slots for real play. The game features five reels and fifty pay lines with an underwater theme. The game includes stacked wilds and various bonus features.


The Battleship video slots game is based on the popular game. The game offers five reels and may be played with twenty, thirty, or forty pay lines. It features excellent graphics and various military symbols, and makes use of wild and bonus symbols.

Monopoly – Dream Life

Monopoly – Dream Life is based on the classic board game and allows players to experience regular slots games and a board game during gameplay.

Transformers: Battle for Cybertron

This game is also part of the MoneyGaming seven great new slots for real play and is based on the popular Transformer series.  It makes use of various Transformer characters and features a thrilling soundtrack that rises and falls with the action. The game features a five reel layout and offers players a free falls feature, where winning combinations will ‘explode’, making room for new symbols and the chance to land more winning combinations, as well as various mystery bonus features. These bonus features will have players visit different transformer characters and receive free spins with various multipliers.

bingo free slot machines

A Side of Free Slots with Bingo

Today’s online Bingo games give players a host of games at their fingertips, to be accessed anytime and, with mobile devices, anywhere that is convenient. To help recreate the excitement of land-based Bingo halls, online games offer live chat options and top quality side games. These games act as a great balance to daubing tickets, and are perfect when players feel like a change of pace. They can be played for real money, but when it’s time to just relax and enjoy some gameplay without the stress of risking funds, they can also be played for free. In fact, for many people playing online Bingo free Slot machines and other free side games are one of the main highlights!

A Few Slots Basics

Learning how to play these games is very simple, and for those playing online Bingo free Slot machines are available in almost as many variations as real money machines. The objective in a Slots game is always to spin the reels and then wait to see how the symbols they are decorated with line up when they come to rest. If the symbols are in pre-specified combinations called paylines, players win the game and when playing for real money can earn huge payouts.

When visiting sites for online Bingo free slot machines options include classic 3-reel and pub-style games that are similar to the very first machines ever played, as well as more complex games with sophisticated graphics and animations. Video Slots games are the most immersive, with detailed storylines that unfold as they are played, and Bonus Rounds that are cleverly linked to the main theme.

Ways to Spin for Free

When playing Bingo free Slot machines are available as side games in 2 ways. Firstly, the games can be played for free in a no-deposit mode. This allows players to check the different reels out and find those that they like best, and to get familiar with the games and build confidence before they stake real money. Players should keep in mind that the games they play in this way might not be shown in their entirety; often certain Bonus Rounds or Special Features are only revealed when an actual bet is placed. When the do start placing real wagers, it’s advisable for players to start with small amounts even if they have played the game in the practice mode. Once they’ve seen it in its entirety, they can decide whether or not to put bigger sums down.

The other option is to use the different Bonuses that sites offer to play free Slots games. These Bonuses are sometimes awarded as Free Spins, so no conversion is necessary. They also come as general playing credits, which amount to Free Spins when they are used in Slots machines. Bonuses are awarded to Bingo players for several reasons, including signing up to a site, recruiting other new members, making more account deposits and playing at certain times. They are often one of the perks offered by Loyalty Programmes as well. Players usually stand to win more free gameplay rounds or even real cash when they use these Bonuses to daub tickets or spin reels.

Ensure Proper Research

When playing Bingo free Slot machines are almost par for the course, so players owe it to themselves to make sure they find the ones that they enjoy the most. By spending some time reading reviews and then playing the games themselves, they’ll soon know what games they want to relax with, and possibly make some winnings at the same time.

Julia Creek Dirt & Dust Festival

Julia Creek Dirt & Dust Festival

Julia Creek is a small Outback situated in McKinlay Shire, Northern Queensland. Once a year, Julia Creek hosts an increasingly popular event, the Dirt & Dust Festival, which spans across 3 days and offers visitors a festival packed full of entertainment and activities, including triathlon races, an Artesian Express Outback horse racing event, nightly outdoor concerts and live entertainment, and the famous Dirt & Dust Bull Ride.

Dirt & Dust Festival Triathlon

The concept of holding a triathlon at Julia Creek’s formidable terrain was first born in 1994 as a way to put the then-small town on the map. Regular and junior triathlons were soon being run, with iconic figures like Brad Beven cheering the participants on. The Julia Creek Dirt & Dust triathlon went on to become a part of the Saucony Adventure Series for skilled triathletes in 1997.

With each consecutive year, the triathlon sees more and more attendants, despite it being known as one of the more challenging triathlon terrains in the area. The triathlon is separated into various age and gender categories, and typically spans across 2 days of the Dirt & Dust Festival. $8,000 in prize money is available for the triathlon’s winners.

Winners of the 2015 Triathlon

The 2015 Senior Julia Creek Dirt & Dust Festival Triathlon team category winners included the male team The Outback Scrubbers in first place, followed by unisex teams Celebs in second place and Las Minets claiming third place.

The individual category for the triathlon was won by 4 time winner Sam Betten, who claimed a top triathlon prize of $1,000. Edward Dawson followed in second place, winning an $800 prize, and Connor McKay secured third place and won $500 in prize money.

Artesian Express Horse Racing Event

The Julia Creek Dirt & Dust Festival Turf Club also hosts a premier racing event during the Dirt and Dust Festival. The Turf Club holds an annual BHP Billiton Artesian Express horse race, which commences after the triathlon has been completed. This race offers premium Australian country racing, as well as a Fashion on the Fields competition, games and activities for children and plenty of facilities for food and refreshments while enjoying Geelong Cup Betting action.

Julia Creek PBR Bull Ride

Other events held at the Julia Creek Dirt & Dust Festival include nightly live concerts performed by local Australian artists, and the PBR Bull Ride, which takes place at the Julia Creek Dirt & Dust Bull Riding Arena. Some of Australia’s most accomplished bull riders take on equally tough bulls, making for 3 hours’ worth of outdoor entertainment. This event offers up to $8,000 in prize money, and all points won by the professional bull riders who take part will count towards qualifying for the PBR Australian Cup Series, which will see the top local bull rider gain entry to the prestigious PBR World Finals hosted in Las Vegas.

The 2015 champion of the Julia Creek Dirt & Dust Festival PBR event was rider Ryan Storey, who rode the bull Spin to Win and was awarded 86.5 points by judges, contributing to his overall lead of 168.5 points.